The ever-strengthening case for professional trusteeship
The growth of the CST market
A CST sits in place of a traditional trustee board, overseeing governance and operations and acting as a point of contact for all aspects of a scheme. CSTs can implement buy-ins, wind-ups and other key projects, as well as navigating the twists and turns of the legal, tax and regulatory landscape.
Financial consultancy Lane Clark & Peacock has produced an annual survey of the professional trustee market since 2021. The 2022 edition reported the number of UK schemes appointing a CST grew by 20% in a year.
The 2023 edition reveals almost half of UK schemes – 49% – have now appointed a professional trustee. The proportion of CSTs within that figure has risen again, with more than 150 appointments in a year.
A new report from another consultancy, Hymans Robertson, predicts DB schemes’ CST appointments could double within the next half-decade. It draws attention to the need for “a strong talent pool for recruitment and efficient service delivery”.
For many schemes, of course, this is a straightforward question of resources. The vast majority of appointments are at the smaller end of the market – that is, schemes with less than £100 million in assets.
Yet the merits of the CST approach are gaining appreciation across the spectrum. At Law Debenture, as well as offering CST services for smaller schemes, we have among our clients what we believe to be the biggest appointment of its kind.
The importance of timely, fully informed decisions
Ultimately, whatever their size, schemes want proven expertise and experience. These attributes should translate into the agility and efficiency now necessary to deliver desirable outcomes in the pensions arena.
This taps into the “real time” issue outlined earlier. In a world defined by hyperconnectivity, accelerated technological progress and a state of “permacrisis”, it can be beneficial to arrive at decisions without undue delay.
Trustees are unlikely to accomplish this goal if they assemble only occasionally and concentrate on matters identified weeks in advance. The chances are that events will overtake them.
Such a shortcoming is sometimes known as “the pacing problem”. The term is usually used to describe regulators’ failure to keep pace with innovation, but we might also apply it to boards that lack the support and insight needed to stay abreast of day-to-day developments.
Crucially, it does not automatically follow that today’s decision-making processes must be rushed. With a genuinely responsive and robust governance framework, it is possible to reach resolutions and agreements that are both timely and fully informed.
Close communication with sponsors and members, diversity of thought and optimum use of tech can assist in this respect. A smooth transition to CST status is also essential, since all parties can learn much from each other.
A solution with ever-growing appeal
The difficulties confronting pension schemes are widely acknowledged. Amid ongoing geo-economic and geopolitical pressures, they have even been recognised at the very highest levels.
Jeremy Hunt explored them during his Mansion House speech in July. The Chancellor stressed the need for financial services providers to be “nimble” and warned that schemes unable to achieve “the best possible outcome for their members” would be wound up by the Pensions Regulator.
They were also central to the Department for Work and Pensions’ subsequent Call for Evidence, whose principal themes included the barriers to trustee effectiveness. The DWP strongly hinted at concerns over whether trustees “have the right knowledge and skills” to invest to best effect.
At LawDeb we aim to set a high bar with our model of trusteeship and support mandatory accreditation of professional trustees. In addition to accreditation, we believe there are skills and experience that support ‘good trusteeship’, whether as a professional, lay or Corporate Sole Trustee. We have outlined these in a position paper following the consultation. This can be viewed here
To return to where we began, then, the message is clear: trusteeship is a tough gig. And it is only likely to get tougher.
The future will almost certainly lie in more regulation and market complexity. It will bring mounting pressure to manage risk and costs alike. It will present trustees with more responsibilities and requirements. It will further underscore the benefits of excellent governance support and pensions executive services.
In the face of such challenges, the appeal of CSTs – and professional trustees more generally – is becoming harder to ignore. Sponsors and members are increasingly realising the advantages of passing their burden on to someone truly equipped to bear it.
Scott Pinder is Head of Corporate Sole Trustee at Law Debenture.